At the side of the hall was an interesting display of four warriors who have survived more-or-less complete and are the subject of a special display. One is a standing archer, an infantry man dressed in an unarmoured battle robe, but the pose of his hands showed that he was ready to shoot.
Then there was a kneeling archer, an armoured infantry man from the centre of the archer formation in Pit 2. He originally held a crossbow. And then there was a cavalry man with his saddled warhorse. The horse is shown with a saddle decorated with girth and crop, but no stirrup. The figure wears a knee length robe, an armoured vest and tightfitting trousers. The small tight hat is fastened under the chin. He holds the reins in one hand and a crossbow in the other.
And then there were the officers, often distinguished by their differing hair styles. There is a middle ranking officer with a flat hat with his armour both on his chest and his back. And finally there was a high ranking officer – one of seven generals found in the pits with a high head gear and shoes with upward bending tips, and eight knots of ribbons decorating his armour: China was a very highly stratified society.
Some special statues
In the cover building to Pit 2, there is a group of five special statues. These are the statues that have survived more or less complete and they have been specially displayed so that they can be studied carefully, and it is possible to photograph them in detail. Between them, they illustrate some of the different ranks in the Qin army
Two of the statues are ordinary soldiers. They are both very different. The first is a standing archer who originally held a crossbow, which has not survived. Interestingly he has no armour, just wearing a thick doublet. But note that his hair is tied up in a bun or topknot: the hair was the most obvious distinguishing mark of rank in the Chinese army.
There is also another archer, kneeling on one knee, but also holding originally a crossbow. However he is armoured, and quite heavily armoured with both a cuirass and elaborate shoulder armour. His hair is done up again in a bun or topknot – and note his moustache.
The finest and certainly the largest of the displays is this cavalryman and his horse. The cavalryman is only lightly armed with a (?)cuirass. He wears a knee-length robe, an armoured vest and tight-fitting trousers. The small tight hat is fastened under the chin.
But note his magnificent horse displayed separately it has a saddle but no stirrups
Finally there is a high ranking office or ‘general’, one of seven such ‘generals’ found in the terracotta pits. There are a number of indications of his high rank. He wears colourful fish-scaled armour, the upper part of which is covered by the cloak decorated with three of the eight knots which indicate his rank.
7th October 2014